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What It Is:

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, depression is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks.

Signs and Symptoms:

Depression can present as different symptoms, depending on the person. But for most people, depressive disorder impacts day-to-day functioning and the symptoms typically last for more than two weeks. Common symptoms include:

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood

  • Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism

  • Irritability

  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness

  • Reduced interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities

  • Decreased energy or fatigue

  • Feeling restless or having trouble sitting still

  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions

  • Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts

  • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause and/or that do not ease even with treatment

  • Changes in sleep

  • Changes in appetite and/or weight changes

  • Changes in movement including moving or talking more slowly

  • Physical aches and pains

To learn more:

Visit NAMI:


Visit the National Institute of Mental Health:

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